 # Matrix subtraction

## World's simplest math tool

Free online matrix subtractor. Just enter your matrices on the left and you'll automatically get a difference of all matrices on the right. There are no ads, popups or nonsense – just a matrix subtraction calculator. Created by math nerds from team Browserling.
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Input Matrix Options
Column separator symbol for input matrices. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for input matrices. (Newline by default.)
Output Matrix Options
Column separator symbol for output matrix. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for output matrix. (Newline by default.)
Extra Output Options
Nicely align all elements in all columns of difference matrix.
Matrix subtraction tool What is a matrix subtraction?
This tool subtracts matrices. The matrix difference is calculated by subtracting elements in the same positions of the second matrix from the first matrix. Matrices can be rectangular or square but their dimensions must be the same. You can subtract several matrices at the same time by entering them one by one and splitting them using a pipe or minus symbol. You can also change the symbol that separates matrix columns and matrix rows, both for input matrices and output matrix. You can also enable prettify mode that will nicely align all the elements in all columns of the output matrix. Mathabulous!
Matrix subtraction examples Click to use
Subtract Two Two-by-two Matrices
This example calculates the difference of two two-dimensional matrices.
10 10 10 10 - 1 2 3 4
9 8 7 6
Required options
These options will be used automatically if you select this example.
Column separator symbol for input matrices. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for input matrices. (Newline by default.)
Column separator symbol for output matrix. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for output matrix. (Newline by default.)
Nicely align all elements in all columns of difference matrix.
Matrices with Decimal Numbers
In this example, we subtract two matrices containing decimal fractions. Here the matrices are separated by the pipe symbol. We also set the prettify mode on so that all columns in the result are aligned in nice and even columns.
5.5 8 5.5 | 8 8 8 5.5 8 5.5 | 5 5 5 5.5 8 5.5 | 8 8 8
-2.5 0 -2.5 0.5 3 0.5 -2.5 0 -2.5
Required options
These options will be used automatically if you select this example.
Column separator symbol for input matrices. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for input matrices. (Newline by default.)
Column separator symbol for output matrix. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for output matrix. (Newline by default.)
Nicely align all elements in all columns of difference matrix.
Three Matrix Difference
This example subtracts three rectangular five-by-three matrices at once. It also shows how matrices can be separated by a row of minuses, not just one minus symbol.
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 --------- 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 --------- 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Required options
These options will be used automatically if you select this example.
Column separator symbol for input matrices. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for input matrices. (Newline by default.)
Column separator symbol for output matrix. (Space by default.)
Row separator symbol for output matrix. (Newline by default.)
Nicely align all elements in all columns of difference matrix.
Pro tips Master online math tools
You can pass input to this tool via ?input query argument and it will automatically compute output. Here's how to type it in your browser's address bar. Click to try!
https://onlinemathtools.com/matrix-subtract?input=10%2010%0A10%2010%0A-%0A1%20%202%0A3%20%204&input-element-separator=%20&input-row-separator=%5Cn&output-element-separator=%20&output-row-separator=%5Cn&prettify-matrix=false
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